The purpose of this work is to show the development of the international students at the University of Hamburg from 1919, year of the foundation, to 2017. An overview by Giancarlo Marin.
I start my work with a general comparison between the total amount of students at the University of Hamburg and the amount of foreign students.
Comparison between German and international students
This first graphic shows that the total amount of students (red line) has continuously grown since 1944, except for the decrease between the winter semesters (henceforth WS) of 1994 and 2009. The chart of the foreign students (blue line) did not register such a decrease, although a small decrement in this period was registered too. It can therefore be said that the number of foreign students has grown continuously for the last 70 years. A more detailed representation of this growth is displayed in the next graphic and analysed in the following description.
This second graphic demonstrates in detail the continuous increase in foreign students, except for a couple of periods, like between the WS of 1964 and 1969 and between the WS of 2004 and 2009. The biggest amount of foreign students was registred in the WS of 2017 with 5231 international students and the smallest in the WS of 1939 with only 24 international students. It should be said that for this analysis I did not consider the years in which no data was avaliable, like the last years of the Second World War.
The last thirty years
In the two following graphics I compare the percentage of the foreign students in the whole history of the University of Hamburg and in its last thirty years. The average percentage of foreign students from the total amount during the whole history is approximately 8 % and the percentage in the period between 1989 (year taken as reference due to its importance, namely the year of the reunification of Germany) and 2017 is approximately 12 %.
The results of this comparision are that the average percentage of immatriculations in the last 28 years exceeds more than half the average percentage over the entire period from 1919 to 2017. The increased number of immatriculations in this last period shows that the University of Hamburg has gained more popularity among foreign student than in the past.
With this short presentation I have shown that the University of Hamburg has become ever more appealing to foreign students, as it is shown by the continuous increase of international immatriculations and by the higher than the average percentage registered in the last 28 years. I think that a further increase of the international immatriculations is to be awaited in the following years due to the growing intercultural character of our global society.
* Source of the data: Universitätsarchiv Hamburg, Best. 202b Datenmanagement und Quantitative Analyse, Studierende 1919–2018, Nr. 1-3.
I would like to thank Mr. Gunnar B. Zimmermann, researcher at the department of History of the University of Hamburg, for his help with this project.